NASA’s Perseverance ATV has collected a rock loaded with mineral wine, and the team tweeted, “Another little piece from Mars with me.”
This is the third in a series of samples a SUV-sized Rover will collect while operating on a red planet, leaving them on a future mission to return to Earth.
The NASA Perseverance ATV landed on Red Planet in February and slowly descends across the floor of the 28-mile-wide Jezero Crater.
The U.S. Space Agency tweeted, “My latest sample is from a rock full of greenish mineral wine, and my science team has several ideas on how it got there. Hypotheses are flying! Science dominates. ‘
There is no detail as to what these hypotheses might be, but olivine is magnesium iron silicate and forms most of the Earth’s upper mantle.
A NASA Perseverance ATV has collected a rock loaded with mineral wine, and the team tweeted, “Another little piece of Mars with me.”
This is the third in a series of samples a SUV-sized Rover collects while operating on a red planet, leaving them on a future mission to return to Earth.
ROVER’S FIRST ATTEMPT Failed because of a powdery rock
NASA’s Perseverance Cottage failed in its first attempt to collect the core of the Martian rock, the agency revealed on Aug. 6.
The impact drill, drill bit, and sample tube handling all worked as intended, but the data indicated that the sample tube was empty after extraction.
Jennifer Trosper, project manager at Perseverance at JPL, said in a statement: “The original idea is that the empty tube is more likely due to the rock object not responding as expected during nucleation, and less likely to be a hardware problem with the Sampling and Caching System.
Days later, NASA revealed that the rock at this location was unusually soft and powdery, making the operation unsuccessful.
The Rover has 43 titanium tubes, and when it finds a rock of interest, it loads a sample into one of those tubes for later collection.
Billions of years ago, in the early days of the solar system, the crater of Lake Jezero contained the estuary of a lake and river, so it was a good place to look for “signs of life.”
The primary task of Perseverance is to see if it finds remnants or chemical fossils that refer to this long-gone microbial life.
As part of this process, it lasers rocks with its laser, interferes with soil samples and places the best possible material in titanium tubes.
It collected the first two samples in early September of a rock called Rochette by the Perseverance team at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
The success came after the stone was not allowed to stick inside the sample tube, which NASA blamed for “surprisingly crumbling” the stone.
The latest specimen comes from a steep dune site called “Séítah,” a Navajo word meaning “in the middle of the sand.”
There are several multi-layered rocks in the area that the JPL team believes are a sign of once flowing water.
“Such layered rocks often form in water and may contain clues as to what their environment was like before,” the space agency wrote on Twitter.
According to Perseverance student Erin Gibbons of McGill University in Canada, each layer reveals details of the environmental conditions at which the stone was formed, and the thickness and structural changes in the layers indicate changes in the environment.
“Furthermore, by examining the tilting directions of the layers, we decided that the rocks of Séítah are probably the oldest exposed rocks in the entire crater of Jezero,” Gibbons wrote in his blog post.
“Séítah thus represents the beginning of an achievable geological record and offers a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to explore the full extent of landscape evolution.”
There are no details of what the discovery of olivine means, but it is magnesium iron silicate and makes up most of the country’s upper mantle
The U.S. Space Agency tweeted on Nov. 16: “My latest sample is from a rock loaded with a mineral containing greenish olivine, and my science team has several ideas on how it got there. Hypotheses are flying! The rules of science.”
NASA plans to bring about 30 samples back to Earth in the 2030s, where scientists can perform more detailed analyzes that can confirm the existence of microbes.
However, Perseverance itself does not bring the samples back to Earth – when Rover reaches a suitable location, the pipes will be dropped on the surface of Mars for an upcoming search task currently under development.
When Perseverance collects samples from Mars, it drops them to a suitable location on the surface of Mars for a future search task currently under development.
Currently, NASA and ESA plan to launch two other spacecraft that would leave Earth in 2026 and reach Mars in 2028.
The first deploys a small Rover that travels to Perseverance, picks up the filled sampling tubes and transfers them to a “Mars ascending vehicle” – a small rocket.
A NASA Perseverance ATV landed on Red Planet in February and wanders slowly across the floor of the 28-mile-wide Jezero Crater.
Perseverance’s primary task is to see if it finds remnants or chemical fossils that suggest this long-gone microbial life
The Rover has 43 titanium tubes, and when it finds a piece of stone for the task command it wants to explore, it loads the stone into one of those tubes for later collection.
This rocket explodes – while becoming the first object launched from the surface of Mars – and places a container in the orbit of Mars, meaning it floats virtually in space.
At this point, the third and last spacecraft involved in the awkward operation guides itself next to the sample tank, picks it up, and flies it back to Earth.
Provided its successful return to Earth’s atmosphere, it will fall to the ground in Utah’s military training area in 2031, meaning that samples from Mars will not be studied for 10 years.
Perseverance also made a trip to Mars equipped with a detachable 1.8-pound robotic helicopter called Ingenuity.
The helicopter has completed a series of increasingly complex flights on Red Planet since its first flight on April 19th.
NASA MARS 2020: PERSEVERANCE ROVER AND INGENUITY HELICOPTER SEARCH FOR LIFE ON RED PLANET
NASA’s Mars 2020 mission was launched to look for signs of ancient life on the Red Planet to help scientists better understand how life evolved on Earth in the early years of the solar system’s evolution.
The main car-sized ATV called Perseverance explores the ancient estuary of the river inside the crater of Jezero, which was once filled with a 1,600-foot-deep lake.
It is believed that there was microbial life in the area about 3.5 to 3.9 billion years ago, and the ATV examines soil samples to find evidence of life.
NASA’s Mars 2020 ATV (artist’s imagination) looks for signs of ancient life on Mars to help scientists better understand how life evolved on our own planet
The $ 2.5 billion (£ 1.95 billion) Mars 2020 spacecraft was launched on 30 July inside an ATV and helicopter – and landed successfully on 18 February 2021.
Perseverance descended inside the crater and slowly collected samples, which are eventually returned to Earth for further analysis.
Another mission is to fly to the planet and restore the samples, perhaps later in the 2020s, in collaboration with the European Space Agency.
This concept art looks like a Mars 2020 ATV landing on a red planet via NASA’s “sky crane”